Joshua: The Morphology of Sin and Repentance

Sermon by on March 31, 2002

Joshua 7:16-27

Joshua 7:16-27
The Morphology of Sin and Temptation

has been married for 25 years. He has three children; one is away from home and
working. Two are in college. Michael is a successful businessman, in the eyes of
the world. His business requires him to take frequent trips away from home for
several days at a time. During one of these trips he finds himself lured to a
bar where he meets a young woman. Actually, she’s not that young, but the soft
lighting hides a multitude of sins. And they start to talk. To his great
surprise, Michael starts talking about his marriage: how the spark has gone, how
lonely he now feels, and for the first time in years, he finds someone who is
sympathetic and seemingly understanding. Now, if this were a novel, we could go
on. But Michael ends up having an affair. He shocks himself as to how easy it
was. He feels terrible in the morning. He had never done anything like this
before. He’d thought about it, but he had never done it. Michael finds solace
in that for some inexplicable reason, he gave this woman a false name! Imagine!
It may help keep his identity safe. He convinces himself that this was a
one-time thing. It will never happen again. He believes that he may have gotten
away with it. He comes home the next day and never says a word. His wife
suspects something, but dares not think the worst. Guilt racks him all the
time, but he dare not say anything. He dare not let it show. And after a while
he becomes good at it, hiding the sense of shame. Denial will be best course of
action. And every now and then he contemplates returning there, especially when
things aren’t going so well in his marriage, and finds himself plotting and
planning, that maybe he can do it again.

are considering the story of Achan in Joshua 7, and last week we began to look
at this story in its overall perspective. We looked at three things. We looked
at the defeat in the attempted conquest of Ai. How the 36 Jewish men were
killed. It appears there was some type of rout, and they failed to take the
city. And we looked at Joshua’s response, the deeply moving, poignant prayer of
Joshua. And we looked, briefly, at the disclosure of Achan’s sin. We looked at
it in its broad perspective in connection with the story of redemption at this
point. But this evening we need to return and look at this sin of Achan from a
more detailed perspective, asking different questions now. Asking more personal
questions. Not so much about what Achan’s sin meant for the progress of the
kingdom of God or the conquest of the land of Canaan so much, but asking about
more personal issues dealing with sin and temptation.

It’s like a
warning buoy that’s flashing a light and saying to each and everyone of us here,
and to some perhaps in particular, “You need to take careful heed to what is
written here.”

“These things happened to them
as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of
the ages has come. So, if you think you are standing firm, be careful that you
don’t fall!” (1 Cor. 10:11-13).

Our theme
comes from something the seventeenth century puritan, John Owen writes: “Let not
that Christian think that he makes any progress in true holiness who is not
prepared to walk over the bellies of his lusts.”

1. There is the struggle of sin

There is a warfare taking place here, in which Satan is doing his
utmost to undo all evidence of God’s work in the lives of his people. His aim is
both corporate and individual. Corporately, what Achan did affected the entire
body. But it was also something that affected Achan, too. Both C H Spurgeon and
Dr John Gill, nineteenth century Calvinistic Baptists, both believed that Achan
was a believer. That’s altogether possible. He was certainly a professing
believer. He was a member of the covenant people of God. He had not doubt
walked around the city of Jericho, and it’s far too easy and convenient for us
to push Achan away by saying, “Well, he wasn’t a believer, and whilst the story
is a terrifying one, that’s, well, what unbelievers do. But I’m a child of God
and God loves me and I love him and there’s nothing in this story to scare

That would
an entirely false perspective to take on this passage. Achan was member of the
professing community of God’s covenant people. He had evidently walked around
the city of Jericho with all the other men. I doubt very much that he had
planned this thing: everything about the way he relates the story to us seems to
say that it happened spontaneously. But perhaps he did unconsciously. You know,
we can sometimes find ourselves in situations of temptation because of our
subconscious sublimily has moved us in that direction all along. He saw these
things lying there. And something triggered in his mind. A desire, a thought.
“These could be mine.” He finds himself looking round. Why? To see if anyone is
looking at him. And apparently, no one is. An opportunity has presented itself.
And a struggle ensues.

Where is
there any evidence of a struggle in the text? Well, look at the confession he
makes. Its full: “I have sinned against the LORD the God of Israel,” he says
(v.20). You might suspect that this has been forced out of him. And that is
true. But he could still deny it even then.

forty years ago, I was caught with my hand in the cookie jar! It was Christmas
time and I knew where my mother hid the presents. It was always in the wardrobe
in her bedroom. And one evening I went up there while my mother was out milking
cows. You don’t know anything about that. And I was caught. It was safe,
because the door was such that whenever she entered I would hear it. I have my
hand in the bag of presents and oblivious to the fact that my mother is watching
me through the window. Its dark outside and I have the light on. I couldn’t see
her but she could see me and all of my glory. And she’s saying, “Derek, what
are you doing?” “Nothing!” I replied. “Nothing at all.” And the worst of it, I
found myself protesting, “I wasn’t doing anything” hours later when she had seen
the amusing side of it, and I was still protesting my innocence and the sense of
unease at having been caught. And the truth be known, forty years later there
still a little voice in my head that wants to say, “I wasn’t doing anything.”

Yes, Achan
has most certainly been caught. I venture the opinion that Achan may well have
had one of those out-of-body experiences as he found himself struggling with
this opportunity. Have you ever had one? You know, when you’re shouting at the
children. You’re shouting at someone you love and you see yourself floating in
mid air and looking down at this possessed banshee who’s yelling at the top of
his voice, and you can’t stop. A trigger has gone off, and it’s going to find
its conclusion. And you’re saying, “Who in the world is this?” And it’s you.
The good that you would, you do not do. The evil that you would not, you find
yourself doing.

perhaps, after all, there had been little evidence of a struggle. I want to
think that there was, but it’s all too possible that Achan had long since let go
of the watchfulness that ought to mark the believer to the extent that the only
thing that had prevented him from doing this in the past was opportunity.
And I wonder tonight if that’s you. If the only thing that prevents you from
committing that accursed sin, whatever it is, the only thing that’s preventing
you is the opportunity.

For some
reason or another, spiritual affections have not been nourished and the only
thing that prevents you from falling is the lack of an opportunity. The truth
is, your guard is long since down, and the only thing that has kept you is the
providence of God. Before you self-righteously condemn Achan, reckon with the
fact that the only reason, the only reason you have not taken that sin in
your mind to its full conclusion is the lack of opportunity. And do you
see that, my friend? That opportunity has almost nothing to do with you
at all. It is the merciful providence of God that has kept you from doing what
your sinful heart would do (despite what you say in protest). The only reason
why haven’t sinned is because God hasn’t opened the way for it to happen. When
you have been at your weakest in terms of resolve, he has kept you! His
providence has overshadowed you.

That’s a
terrifying thought, isn’t it: that the only thing that keeps me and you from sin
and apostasy is the lack of opportunity.

That leads
me to consider another aspect:

There is a progress and complexity to sin

Sometimes, God gives that opportunity. I cannot explain that fully.
John Newton speaks of that in his poem about crosses.

I asked the Lord that I might
In faith, and love, and every grace;
Might more of His salvation know,

And seek more earnestly His face.

I thought that in some favoured
At once He’d answer my request;
And, by His love’s constraining power,
Subdue my sins, and give me rest.

Instead of this, He made me feel
The hidden evils of my heart,
And let the angry powers of hell
Assault my soul in every part.

made feel the hidden evils of my heart!

That is what happens here. There is a progress to the sin. It begins with a
sight. It’s all about verbs: I saw, I coveted, I took and I
hid (it is hidden) (v. 21). He saw. It begins there. It begins with the
“eye gate” as Bunyan calls it. He saw, and in seeing, lost sight of God. Perhaps
when Achan saw the objects, at that point Achan had not yet sinned. Perhaps. But
sometimes we go looking for occasions to sin and afterwards try and explain them
away by saying that we were caught off-guard and unprepared. Who knows but the
subliminally, Achan had long since sowed the seeds that led him to this tent.

But the
next verb says everything. He coveted. He desired to have something that
wasn’t his. In the words of that pitiful creature Gollum (Smeagol) in the
Lord of the Rings
, “Its mine. My precious. And I wants it!”

and in seeing he LOST SIGHT of God.

language is reminiscent of Genesis 3, isn’t it. When Eve says, “I saw, it was
beautiful and I took” (Gen. 3:6). And that is how temptation operates, and you
need to know that. It begins with the eye and covetousness drives us to reach
out and take. It was because Eve said: “it is desirable…” And you know how
temptation works particularly in some areas of our lives: we see it, as we see
a million things, but the image becomes in our minds an obsession, and we cannot
be rested until we reach out with our hands and take that which our souls crave
for. That’s why we teach our children:

Be careful little eyes what you see
There’s a Father up above
Who is looking down in love
Watch your eyes, watch your eyes
what you see.

“I made a covenant with my eyes
not to look lustfully at a girl” (Job 31:1).

The battle
is won or lost at the point of what the Puritans called motivating desire.
Desire, you see, is the index of your heart. It’s what comes out of a man, from
deep within, that is what defiles a man, Jesus said to the Pharisees who were
more concerned about external appearance than anything else. They were like
white-washed sepulchers: all clean and sparkling on the outside, but inside full
of dead men’s bones and rotting flesh (Matt. 23:27).

Do you
remember the story of Joseph in Genesis 39? He has been sold into slavery in
the household of Potiphar, an Egyptian official. Moses describes Joseph as “well
built and handsome” (39:6), setting us up for what comes next. His master’s wife
took notice of Joseph and said, “Come to bed with me!” (39:7). The next move is
decisive. Joseph says to her immediately, “How can I do such a wicked thing and
sin against God?” (39:9). And when, on another day, Potiphar’s wife takes hold
of Joseph by his cloak, Joseph runs, leaving the cloak behind! He had made a
covenant with his God. His motivating desire was set on the glory of God, you
see, and the battle against sin is lost whenever we allow a thought to linger
and to take hold and to set down roots. That’s why you need to “Strangle sin at
birth” Owen says. That means keeping a close reign on imagination and thought.

There’s a
momentum to sin. It’s like a ball rolling down a snowy hill getting bigger and
bigger as it goes down. You could probably stop your car from rolling down a
moderately inclined hill by leaning against it, but once it’s started to move,
it’s going to be impossible. It’s called momentum, it’s gained a force all it’s
own. Once a sin has gained a certain momentum, it is virtually impossible for
you stop it reaching its fully grown state.

“…each one
is tempted when, by his own evil desire, he is dragged away and enticed. Then,
after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is
full-grown, gives birth to death.” (James 1:14-15).

There is a
progress and power to sin, but there is a deception to sin.

There is the deception of sin

Achan becomes like a man seized
by an octopus; all of its tentacles wrap round him. By the end of this chapter,
he has broken more than one commandment.

There is
dishonor done to God. There is covetousness. There is theft. And then there
follows falsehood and deception.

What is
that strikes you about this story? For me, it is the determination of God to
uncover the web of deceit. This dramatic description of how the tribes, clans
and families were separated out in a ritual that would have made you very
nervous indeed. And as we saw last week, Achan was a given a day to repent, but
he didn’t. Because he couldn’t repent. Sin had woven it’s ugly tentacles
around him to such an extent that he finds himself unable to repent. It had
taken hold of him.

Do you
remember, in 2 Samuel 10, how David, when he had sinned with Bathsheba, tried
to cover up his sin? How, upon discovering that Bathsheba is pregnant, he tries
to get her husband Uriah to sleep with his wife, even though he is presently
engaged on the field of battle. Uriah refuses to do so. He sleeps at the door
of the king, infuriating David. So the next day He makes Uriah drunk, thinking
wine will give the occasion, and yet he still lies down at the door of the
king’s palace. And it is not until Nathan comes to him, with that little story
about a rich man and poor man, and the rich man takes the only lamb that the
poor man has in order to feed some guests, that David becomes indignant. The sin
has hardened his heart so much that he cannot see himself in this story. He is
so far down the road of denial that he cannot see himself until Nathan says,
“You are the man!”

has bought into the lie that somehow, someway, he can deceive almighty God.
That God doesn’t see. It is possible to deceive the fellowship of God. To
deceive the very elect. It’s possible for you to be an Achan tonight, to be
guilty of some horrible, horrible sin, and nobody will know about it. The seeds
of apostasy might be in your heart, as they were in Judas’ heart. You couldn’t
have picked out Judas from the 12, and said, “Well, you know, he’s the one.”
When Judas was being spoken of by Jesus in the Upper Room as the betrayer, no
one pointed the finger at him saying, “Well, I never trusted him from the
start.” No one. They said, “Is He talking about me?” We cannot read the
Gospels without the writers giving the story away from the very beginning, “This
is Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Jesus for thirty shekels of silver.”
But the truth is that even if the disciples suspected something about him, they
never said so. Can you imagine what goes on in Judas’ mind during those hours of
Thursday evening and early on Friday morning? As soon as it becomes obvious that
Jesus is to be crucified, Judas is “seized with remorse” but not repentance.
Remorse is the fear of having been found out. Repentance is fleeing to God for
mercy and pardon. And filled with remorse, Judas goes out and hangs himself
(Matt. 27:3).

You may
deceive those you love. You may deceive yourself. But you cannot deceive God.

“The eyes
of the Lord are in every place keeping watch on the evil and the good” (Prov.

“For God will bring every deed into judgment, including every hidden thing,
whether it is good or evil. (Ecc. 12:14).

Do you know the little
expression, “A Little bird told me?” It comes from the Bible, and goes like

“Do not revile the king even in your thoughts,
or curse the rich in your bedroom,
because a bird of the air may carry your words,
and a bird on the wing may report what you say.” (Ecc. 10:20)

Why do we think, when we are
sinning, that God doesn’t see what we do? Or is it, rather, that we know that
He sees, and we don’t really care? There’s a fourth thing:

There are consequences to sin?

Because it implicates
Achan’s family. Many of you are troubled by verse 24. You should be. There would
be something extraordinarily callous about you if you weren’t troubled by the
fact that his family, presumably his wife (though the text doesn’t say so), but
especially his sons and daughters (the text does specify them) were taken out
and stoned with stones and their bodies burned with fire. You might think that
this is unfair. That the principle of solidarity, that the whole family is held
accountable for the sin of the father, God visiting the iniquity of the father
upon the children, maybe you think that’s unfair. All I can say is, “Walk around
this text with fear and trembling and pay respect to this text.” I cannot
explain to the sensitivities of Western, Twenty-First Century ideas of
jurisprudence. I can’t do it. But walk around this text with fear and
trembling, because of this I am certain: that it’s saying to us, loud and clear,
that our sins, our individual personal sins, have consequences for others; that
our sins have consequences, especially for those whom we love, for those who are
dearest to us.

When a husband and father commits adultery, it has
consequences for the family. When a teenager buys into the lie of sexual
preference and engages in homosexuality, it has consequences for the family.
When a young man in business engages in a shady deal, that should shame him to
the core, it has consequences for the family. When you engage in internet
pornography, it has consequences for the family. You think no one knows. You
are extremely naпve about your computer if you think that! What if someone were
to look at the history trails and cookies on your computer, would they reveal
something hidden in your tent?

Sin can so harden even a professing believer’s heart, that
he can fail to see and appreciate those consequences.

Do you see what this
passage is saying to us tonight? That the sin of one man brought Israel to its
knees. The unconfessed, the unrepented of sin of one man brought the whole of
Israel to its knees. That the reason, could it be, that there is a lack of
blessing, is because of unconfessed sin on the part of one individual. Could
that be? Can I make the application? I fear to make it. You have no idea how
much I fear to make the application. I’m not suggesting that we engage in some
kind of conspiratorial witch-hunt, a spiritual McCarthyism, that would be
unpleasant indeed. There may be, in this passage, an application for church
discipline, but I’m not exploring that at this point. What I do want to say, we
need to watch and pray that we enter not into temptation. That we need never
find ourselves in the position that Achan finds himself in. You say, “That
could never happen to me. I’ve been a member of First Presbyterian Church for 50
years, it could never, ever happen to me.” Wake up, where are you living? Not
a week goes by, and you hear some sorry sordid story of someone who has fallen.
Someone you know, an elder, a minister, a preacher, and how the world loves it
and relishes it. That’s all it would take to bring this church down. We need
to pray hard. We need to pray with earnestness, that God would keep us on our
toes, watching and praying, that we don’t enter into temptation.

Let’s pray together.

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